ملتقى طلبة كليات التمريض العراقية

السلام عليكم .. نود ان نعلن لطلابنا الاعزاء في العراق والوطن العربي عن انطلاق هذا المنتدى المبارك
ملتقى طلبة كليات التمريض العراقية

هــذا الموقــع بجهــود شخصيــة ولا ينتمـــي الى جهــة حكومــية اوجهـــات اخــرى



***تحية خاصة الى الاستاذ الدكتور محمد فاضل عميد كلية التمريض جامعة بغداد***
تحية خاصة الى دكتور زاهد معاون العميد في كلية التمريض جامعة بغداد.....





    Breast Self-Exam* BSE

    شاطر

    nuha_alwandawi

    عدد المساهمات : 41
    تاريخ التسجيل : 05/06/2011

    Breast Self-Exam* BSE

    مُساهمة  nuha_alwandawi في الثلاثاء يونيو 07, 2011 2:45 am

    Breast self-exam (BSE), or regularly examining your breasts on your own, can be an important way to find a breast cancer early, when it's more likely to be treated successfully. Not every cancer can be found this way, but it is a critical step you can and should take for yourself.
    The Five Steps of a Breast Self-Exam
    Step 1: Begin by looking at your breasts in the mirror with your shoulders straight and your arms on your hips.

    Here's what you should look for:

    * Breasts that are their usual size, shape, and color
    * Breasts that are evenly shaped without visible distortion or swelling

    If you see any of the following changes, bring them to your doctor's attention:

    * Dimpling, puckering, or bulging of the skin
    * A nipple that has changed position or an inverted nipple (pushed inward instead of sticking out)
    * Redness, soreness, rash, or swelling

    Step 2: Now, raise your arms and look for the same changes.

    Step 3: While you're at the mirror, look for any signs of fluid coming out of one or both nipples (this could be a watery, milky, or yellow fluid or blood).

    Step 4: Next, feel your breasts while lying down, using your right hand to feel your left breast and then your left hand to feel your right breast. Use a firm, smooth touch with the first few finger pads of your hand, keeping the fingers flat and together. Use a circular motion, about the size of a quarter.

    Cover the entire breast from top to bottom, side to side — from your collarbone to the top of your abdomen, and from your armpit to your cleavage.

    Follow a pattern to be sure that you cover the whole breast. You can begin at the nipple, moving in larger and larger circles until you reach the outer edge of the breast. You can also move your fingers up and down vertically, in rows, as if you were mowing a lawn. This up-and-down approach seems to work best for most women. Be sure to feel all the tissue from the front to the back of your breasts: for the skin and tissue just beneath, use light pressure; use medium pressure for tissue in the middle of your breasts; use firm pressure for the deep tissue in the back. When you've reached the deep tissue, you should be able to feel down to your ribcage.

    Step 4: Next, feel your breasts while lying down, using your right hand to feel your left breast and then your left hand to feel your right breast. Use a firm, smooth touch with the first few finger pads of your hand, keeping the fingers flat and together. Use a circular motion, about the size of a quarter.

    Cover the entire breast from top to bottom, side to side — from your collarbone to the top of your abdomen, and from your armpit to your cleavage.

    Follow a pattern to be sure that you cover the whole breast. You can begin at the nipple, moving in larger and larger circles until you reach the outer edge of the breast. You can also move your fingers up and down vertically, in rows, as if you were mowing a lawn. This up-and-down approach seems to work best for most women. Be sure to feel all the tissue from the front to the back of your breasts: for the skin and tissue just beneath, use light pressure; use medium pressure for tissue in the middle of your breasts; use firm pressure for the deep tissue in the back. When you've reached the deep tissue, you should be able to feel down to your ribcage


    Step 5: Finally, feel your breasts while you are standing or sitting. Many women find that the easiest way to feel their breasts is when their skin is wet and slippery, so they like to do this step in the shower. Cover your entire breast, using the same hand movements described in Step 4.


    Nuha

      الوقت/التاريخ الآن هو الأحد أغسطس 19, 2018 6:18 pm